I like to tell patients that their core is a shorthand way of referring to all the muscles of their lower back/pelvis/hip area. It’s where your center of gravity is located and where movement begins. A strong core stabilizes the spine and pelvis and supports you as you move. The core has 29 pairs of muscles that fall into two categories:
– Local Muscles. Patients can think of local muscles as the deeper muscles, the ones close to the spine and responsible for stabilization. They don’t have much ability to move the joints. The local muscles are further broken down into primary and secondary categories. The primary local muscles are the transverse abdominus and multifidi (the two most critical muscles for providing stability). The secondary local muscles are the internal obliques, quadratus lumborum, diaphragm and pelvic floor muscles. To read more click here.